ffs writes: The next release of Fedora, 11, is to default to the ext4 file system unless serious regressions are seen, reported by heise online. The LWN story has a few comments extolling the virtues of the file system. Some benchmarks have shown ext4 to be much faster than the current default ext3. Some of the new features that matter for desktop users are a faster file system check, extents support (for efficiently storing large files and reducing fragmentation), multiblock allocation (faster writes), delayed block allocation, journal checksumming (saving against power / hardware failures), among others. The KernelNewbies page has more information on each feature. As is the extfs tradition, mounting a current ext3 filesystem as ext4 will work seamlessly, however, most new features will not be available with the same on-disk format meaning a fresh format with ext4 or converting the disk layout to ext4 will offer the best experience.